The Top 100 Drugs
The Top 100 Drugs,
Edition 1 Clinical Pharmacology and Practical Prescribing
By Andrew Hitchings, BSc(Hons) MBBS MRCP FHEA, Dagan Lonsdale, BSc(Hons) MBBS MRCP FHEA, Daniel Burrage, BSc(Hons) MBBS MRCP FHEA and Emma Baker, PhD FRCP

Publication Date: 02 May 2014

Get immediate access to a digital review copy

Description

Prescribing for the first time is a nerve-wracking experience. Of all the tasks performed by new doctors, it is probably the one with greatest direct impact on the wellbeing of patients. Safe and effective practice rests on a good understanding of both clinical pharmacology and practical prescribing. Acquiring this is not easy, particularly when faced with reams of information about hundreds of unfamiliar drugs, often presented in a way that appears detached from clinical reality.

This book is your starting point. It is a direct response to requests from students for a compendium of the 100 most important drugs in the NHS. Key information about the clinical pharmacology and practical prescribing of each drug is presented side-by-side, allowing you to direct your attention as appropriate for your stage of training. Drugs can be accessed alphabetically when you need quick information on the wards and by organ system or clinical indication when you are at your desk.

Research led by Professor Emma Baker has identified the ¿top 100 drugs¿ by their importance and prescribing frequency. She has shown that the list changes little over time, making it a stable resource upon which to base learning.

"A great practical resource for those new to prescribing the text is aimed at those new to independent prescribing, and for that group I would consider. The Top 100 Drugs to be an excellent publication." Reviewed by Emma Watts, GP in Surrey on behalf of (journal) Pulse April 2015

"This handy, pocket-sized book is a great practical resource for those new to prescribing." Reviewed by Pulse, Apr 2015

Key Features

  • The top 100 drugs and the five most important intravenous fluids are presented using a clear, consistent layout across double-page spreads.
  • Drugs are arranged alphabetically and also listed by organ system and clinical indication, providing multiple pathways into the information.
  • Clinical pharmacology is discussed under the headings: common indications; mechanisms of action; important adverse effects; warnings; and important interactions.
  • Practical prescribing is discussed under the headings: prescription; administration; communication; monitoring; and cost.
  • A clinical tip is presented for every drug.
  • Single-best-answer questions are provided for self-assessment and to show how information from several drugs may be integrated.
About the author
By Andrew Hitchings, BSc(Hons) MBBS MRCP FHEA, Clinical Research Fellow, St. George’s, University of London; Specialty Registrar (ST7) in Clinical Pharmacology, General Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK; Dagan Lonsdale, BSc(Hons) MBBS MRCP FHEA, Academic Clinical Fellow, St. George’s, University of London; Specialty Registrar (ST3) in Clinical Pharmacology, General Medicine and Intensive Care Medicine, St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK ; Daniel Burrage, BSc(Hons) MBBS MRCP FHEA , Academic Clinical Fellow, St. George’s, University of London; Specialty Registrar (ST3) in Clinical Pharmacology and General Medicine, St. George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK and Emma Baker, PhD FRCP, Professor of Clinical Pharmacology, Biomedical Sciences, St George’s University of London; Consultant Physician in General and Respiratory Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology, St George’s Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.
Table of Contents

Introduction

Drugs listed by system

Drugs listed by indication

Top 100 drugs

  • Acetylcysteine (N-acetylcysteine)
  • Activated charcoal
  • Adenosine
  • Adrenaline (epinephrine)
  • Aldosterone antagonists
  • Alginates and antacids
  • Allopurinol
  • Alpha-blockers
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Aminosalicylates
  • Amiodarone
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Angiotensin receptor blockers
  • Antidepressants, selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors
  • Antidepressants, tricyclics and related drugs
  • Antidepressants, venlafaxine and mirtazepine
  • Antiemetics, dopamine D2-receptor antagonists
  • Antiemetics, histamine H1-receptor antagonists
  • Antiemetics, phenothiazines
  • Antiemetics, serotonin 5-HT3-receptor antagonists
  • Antifungal drugs
  • Antihistamines (H1-receptor antagonists)
  • Antimotility drugs
  • Antimuscarinics, bronchodilators
  • Antimuscarinics, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal uses
  • Antimuscarinics, genitourinary uses
  • Antipsychotics, first-generation (typical)
  • Antipsychotics, second-generation (atypical)
  • Aspirin
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Beta2-agonists
  • Beta-blockers
  • Bisphosphonates
  • Calcium and vitamin D
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Carbamazepine
  • Cephalosporins and carbapenems
  • Clopidogrel
  • Compound (ß2-agonist–corticosteroid) inhalers
  • Corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), systemic
  • Corticosteroids, inhaled
  • Corticosteroids, topical
  • Digoxin
  • Dipyridamole
  • Diuretics, loop
  • Diuretics, potassium-sparing
  • Diuretics, thiazide and thiazide-like
  • Dopaminergic drugs for Parkinson’s disease
  • Emollients
  • Fibrinolytic drugs
  • Gabapentin and pregabalin
  • H2-receptor antagonists
  • Heparins and fondaparinux
  • Insulin
  • Iron
  • Laxatives, bulk forming
  • Laxatives, osmotic
  • Laxatives, stimulant
  • Lidocaine
  • Macrolides
  • Metformin
  • Methotrexate
  • Metronidazole
  • Naloxone
  • Nicorandil
  • Nicotine replacement and related drugs
  • Nitrates
  • Nitrofurantoin
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Ocular lubricants (artificial tears)
  • Oestrogens and progestogens
  • Opioids, compound preparations
  • Opioids, strong
  • Opioids, weak
  • Oxygen
  • Paracetamol
  • Penicillins
  • Penicillins, antipseudomonal
  • Penicillins, broad-spectrum
  • Penicillins, penicillinase-resistant
  • Phenytoin
  • Phosphodiesterase (type 5) inhibitors
  • Potassium, oral
  • Prostaglandin analogue eye drops
  • Proton pump inhibitors
  • Quinine
  • Quinolones
  • Statins
  • Sulphonylureas
  • Tetracyclines
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Thyroid hormones
  • Trimethoprim
  • Vaccines
  • Valproate
  • Vancomycin
  • Vitamins
  • Warfarin
  • Z-drugs
  • 5a-reductase inhibitors

Fluids

  • Colloids (plasma substitutes)
  • Compound sodium lactate (Hartmann’s solution)
  • Glucose (dextrose)
  • Potassium, intravenous
  • Sodium chloride

Self-assessment and knowledge integration

50 single best answer questions

Answers including explanatory texts

Book Reviews

"The authors have used junior doctors’ experience to pick out the 100 most frequently-used drugs, and these are described (in alphabetical order) in a clear double page spread format. I read it with interest, and found the layout appealing and easy to refer to. The information given is a hybrid between pharmacology and practical prescribing." Reviewed by Pulse, Apr 2015

Book details
ISBN: 9780702055164
Page Count: 266
Retail Price: €18.00