Learning Radiology
Learning Radiology,
Edition 4 Recognizing the Basics
By William Herring, MD, FACR

Publication Date: 03 May 2019

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Description

The leading introductory radiology text for medical students and others who are required to read and interpret common radiologic images, Learning Radiology, 4th Edition, stresses an easy-to-follow pattern recognition approach that teaches how to differentiate normal and abnormal images. Dr. William Herring’s clear, conversational writing style employs a touch of humor to explain what you need to know to effectively interpret medical images of all modalities. From the basics of patient safety, dose reduction, and radiation protection to the latest information on ultrasound, MRI, and CT, this concise, user-friendly text provides a complete, up-to-date introduction to radiology needed by today’s students.

Key Features

  • Teaches how to arrive at a diagnosis by following a pattern recognition approach, and logically overcome difficult diagnostic challenges with the aid of decision trees.
  • Features an easy-to-read bulleted format, high-quality illustrations, useful tables, and teaching boxes, as well as special content on Diagnostic Ptifalls; Really Important Points; Weblinks; and Take-Home Points.
  • Includes three new chapters: Vascular, Pediatric, and Point-of-Care Ultrasound; Using Image-Guided Interventions in Diagnosis and Treatment (Interventional Radiology); Recognizing the Imaging Findings of Breast Disease.
  • Helps ensure mastery of the material with additional online content, bonus images, and USMLE-style Q&A that provide effective chapter review and quick practice for your exams.
  • Shares the extensive knowledge and experience of esteemed author Dr. William Herring¿a skilled radiology teacher and the host of his own specialty website, www.learningradiology.com.
  • Offers quick review and instruction for medical students, residents, and fellows, as well as those in related fields such as nurse practitioners and physician assistants.
  • Includes an Enhanced eBook version with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
About the author
By William Herring, MD, FACR, Vice Chairman and Residency Program Director, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA
Table of Contents

1 Recognizing Anything: An Introduction to Imaging Modalities

Many Shades of Gray
Conventional Radiography (Plain Films)
The Five Basic Densities
Computed Tomography
Ultrasound
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Fluoroscopy
Nuclear Medicine
Conventions Used in This Book

2 Recognizing a Technically Adequate Chest Radiograph

Evaluating the Chest Radiograph for Technical Adequacy
Penetration
Inspiration
Rotation
Magnification
Angulation

3 Recognizing Normal Pulmonary Anatomy

The Normal Frontal Chest Radiograph
The Normal Lateral Chest Radiograph
Normal CT Anatomy of the Chest

4 Recognizing Normal Cardiac Anatomy

Evaluating the Heart on Chest Radiographs
General Principles
Evaluating the Heart on Cardiac CT
Uses of Cardiac CT
Cardiac MRI

5 Recognizing Airspace Versus Interstitial Lung Disease

Classifying Parenchymal Lung Disease
Characteristics of Airspace Disease
Some Causes of Airspace Disease
Characteristics of Interstitial Lung Disease
Some Causes of Interstitial Lung Disease

6 Recognizing the Causes of an Opacified Hemithorax

Atelectasis of the Entire Lung
Massive Pleural Effusion
Pneumonia of an Entire Lung
Postpneumonectomy

7 Recognizing Atelectasis

What Is Atelectasis?
Signs of Atelectasis
Types of Atelectasis
How Atelectasis Resolves

8 Recognizing a Pleural Effusion

Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Pleural Space
Modalities for Detecting Pleural Effusions
Causes of Pleural Effusions
Types of Pleural Effusions
Side-Specificity of Pleural Effusions
Recognizing the Different Appearances of Pleural Effusions

9 Recognizing Pneumonia

General Considerations
General Characteristics of Pneumonia
Patterns of Pneumonia
Lobar Pneumonia
Segmental Pneumonia (Bronchopneumonia)
Interstitial Pneumonia
Round Pneumonia
Cavitary Pneumonia
Aspiration
Localizing Pneumonia
How Pneumonia Resolves

10 Recognizing the Correct Placement of Lines and Tubes and Their Potential Complications: Critical Care Radiology

Endotracheal and Tracheostomy Tubes
Intravascular Catheters
Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters: PICC
Multiple Lumen Catheters: “Quinton Catheters,¿ Hemodialysis Catheters
Pleural Drainage Tubes (Chest Tubes, Thoracotomy Tubes)
Cardiac Devices: Pacemaker, Automatic Implantable Cardiac Defibrillator (AICD), Intra-aortic Balloon Pump (IABP)
Automatic Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators (AICD)
Intra-aortic Counterpulsation Balloon Pump (IABP or IACB)
GI Tubes and Lines: Nasogastric Tubes, Feeding Tubes

11 Recognizing Other Diseases of the Chest

Mediastinal Masses
Anterior Mediastinum
Middle Mediastinal Masses
Posterior Mediastinal Masses
Solitary Nodule/Mass in the Lung
Bronchogenic Carcinoma
Metastatic Neoplasms in the Lung
Pulmonary Thromboembolic Disease (PE)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Bullae, Cysts, and Cavities
Bronchiectasis

12 Recognizing Adult Heart Disease

Recognizing an Enlarged Cardiac Silhouette
Recognizing Common Cardiac Diseases

13 Recognizing the Normal Abdomen and Pelvis: Conventional Radiographs

Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: What to Look For
Acute Abdominal Series: The Views and What They Show
Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: Extraluminal Air
Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: Calcifi cations
Recognizing the Normal Abdomen: Organomegaly

14 Recognizing the Normal Abdomen and Pelvis on Computed Tomography

Introduction to Abdominal and Pelvic CT
Intravenous Contrast in CT Scanning
Oral Contrast in CT Scanning
Abdominal CT: General Considerations
Abdominal CT: By Organ

15 Recognizing Bowel Obstruction and Ileus

Abnormal Gas Patterns
Laws of the Gut
Functional Ileus: Localized—Sentinel Loops
Functional Ileus: Generalized Adynamic Ileus
Mechanical Obstruction: Small Bowel Obstruction
Mechanical Obstruction: Large Bowel Obstruction (LBO)
Volvulus of the Colon
Intestinal Pseudoobstruction (Ogilvie Syndrome)

16 Recognizing Extraluminal Gas in the Abdomen

Signs of Free Intraperitoneal Air
Signs of Extraperitoneal Air (Retroperitoneal Air)
Signs of Air in the Bowel Wall
Signs of Air in the Biliary System

17 Recognizing Abnormal Calcifications and Their Causes

Patterns of Calcification
Location of Calcification

18 Recognizing Gastrointestinal, Hepatobiliary, and Urinary Tract Abnormalities

Barium Studies of the Gastrointestinal Tract
Esophagus
Stomach and Duodenum
Small and Large Bowel
Large Bowel
Pancreas
Hepatobiliary Abnormalities
Biliary System
Urinary Tract
Pelvis
Urinary Bladder
Adenopathy

19 Ultrasonography: Understanding the Principles and Its Uses in Abdominal and Pelvic Imaging

How it Works
Types of Ultrasound
Adverse Effects or Safety Issues
Medical Uses of Ultrasonography
Female Pelvic Organs
Pregnancy
Abdominal Hernias
Appendicitis
Ascites
Musculoskeletal System
Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound

20 Vascular, Pediatric, and Point-of-Care Ultrasound

Vascular Ultrasound
Arterial Stenosis
Pseudoaneurysm
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Pediatrics
Point-of-Care Ultrasound

21 Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Understanding the Principles and Recognizing the Basics

How MRI Works
Hardware That Makes Up an MRI Scanner
What Happens Once Scanning Begins
How Can You Identify a T1-Weighted or T2-Weighted Image?
MRI Contrast: General Considerations
MRI Safety Issues
Diagnostic Applications of MRI

22 Recognizing Nontraumatic Abnormalities of the Appendicular Skeleton Including Arthritis

Conventional Radiography, CT, and MRI in Bone Imaging
Normal Bone and Joint Anatomy
Diseases That Affect Bone Density
Diseases That Increase Bone Density
Diseases That Decrease Bone Density
Diseases of the Joints: An Approach to Arthritis

23 Recognizing Nontraumatic Abnormalities of the Spine

The Normal Spine
Normal MRI Appearance of the Spine
Back Pain

24 Recognizing Trauma to the Bony Skeleton

Recognizing an Acute Fracture
Recognizing Dislocations and Subluxations
Describing Fractures
Avulsion Fractures
Salter-Harris Fractures: Epiphyseal Plate Fractures in Children
Child Abuse
Stress Fractures
Common Fracture Eponyms
Some Subtle Fractures or Dislocations
Fracture Healing
Spinal Trauma
Pathologic Fractures

25 Recognizing the Imaging Findings of Trauma to the Chest

Chest Trauma
Chest Wall Trauma
Pleural Abnormalities: Pneumothorax
Imaging Modalities Used to Diagnose a Pneumothorax
Trauma-Related Parenchymal Lung Abnormalities
Aortic Trauma

26 Recognizing the Imaging Findings of Trauma to the Abdomen and Pelvis

Abdominal Trauma
Pelvic Trauma
Less Common Abdominal Injuries

27 Recognizing Some Common Causes of Intracranial Pathology

Normal Anatomy
MRI and the Brain
Head Trauma
Intracranial Hemorrhage
Diffuse Axonal Injury
Increased Intracranial Pressure
Stroke
Ruptured Aneurysms
Hydrocephalus
Cerebral Atrophy
Brain Tumors
Other Diseases
Terminology

28 Recognizing Pediatric Diseases

Diseases Discussed in This Chapter
Newborn Respiratory Distress
Childhood Lung Disease
Soft Tissues of the Neck
Ingested Foreign Bodies
Other Diseases
Salter-Harris Fractures: Epiphyseal Plate Fractures in Children
Child Abuse
Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC)
Esophageal Atresia With/Without Tracheoesophageal Fistula (TEF)

29 Using Image-Guided Interventions in Diagnosis and Treatment: Interventional Radiology

Arterial Access and Arteriography
Central Venous Access: Image-Guided Venous Access
Pulmonary Embolism: Thrombolysis
Pulmonary Embolism: Inferior Vena Caval (IVC) Filter Placement
Pulmonary Nodule: Image-Guided Biopsy
Hepatic/Renal/Pulmonary Tumor: Thermal Ablation
Portal Hypertension: Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)
Abscess: Percutaneous Abscess Aspiration and Drain Placement
Gastrointestinal (GI) Bleeding: Arteriography and Embolization
Obstructive Uropathy: Percutaneous Nephrostomy (PCN)/Nephroureterostomy (PCNU)
Aortic Aneurysm: Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR)
Uterine Fibroids: Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE)
Acute Ischemic Stroke: Mechanical Thrombectomy

30 Recognizing the Findings in Breast Imaging

Breast Imaging Modalities: Overview
Mammography: Screening Versus Diagnostic
Fundamental Mammography Findings
Ultrasound
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Management of Breast Abnormalities
Special Considerations

Bibliography

Chapter 1 Quiz Answers

Online-Only Appendixes

A. Self-Assessment Quizzes
B. Normal Imaging Anatomy Quizzes
C. Unknown Cases
D. The ABCs of Heart Disease
E. Radiation Dose and Safety
F. What to Order When
G. Chapters 1 and 18 Glossaries (General Terminology and GI Imaging Terminology)
H. Nuclear Medicine: Understanding the Principles and Recognizing the Basics

Book details
ISBN: 9780323567299
Page Count: 386
Illustrations: Approx. 656 illustrations
Retail Price: £40.99