Questioned Documents,
Edition 1 A Lawyer's Handbook
By Jay Levinson

Publication Date: 21 Sep 2000
Questioned documents are any documents that may be used as evidence in a trial, ranging from handwritten notes to counterfeit currency to contracts. This concise new handbook is designed specifically to aid lawyers involved in cases that involve questioned documents (QD) evidence. It explains the basics of document examination and helps litigators improve the way they present document evidence and question witnesses. It also provides references to professional literature and other legal sources, making it easy to find further information when needed.
Questioned Documents: A Lawyer's Handbook provides analyses applied to many types of investigations and types of documents. It outlines the techniques for determining authenticity, age, ink and paper sources, handwriting identification, equipment used, forgeries, alterations, erasures, and more. In addition to helping the attorneys who mush present the QD evidence and ask the questions, this handbook is also an important resource for the expert witnesses who will be asked those questions at trial.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features
@bul:* Explains the basics of document examination and shows how they apply to a variety of cases
* Helps litigators improve the way they present document evidence and interrogate witnesses
* Saves hours in pre-trial interviews by providing lawyers with the a thorough knowledge of the topic
* Presents case examples from the US, UK, The Netherlands, Germany, Nepal, Israel, Jordan, Russia, Romania and more
* Includes actual questions that can be asked of expert witnesses
* Provides an extensive list of references and research suggestions
* Helps document examiners learn about the application of their expertise in the courtroom, and what to expect when questioned by attorneys
About the author
By Jay Levinson, Israel National Police, Division of Identification and Forensic Science, Jerusalem
Table of Contents
I. General

1. Historical Survey of Questioned Documents
2. Questioned Documents as a Court-Oriented Discipline
3. Training of a Questioned Document Examiner
5. Written Declaration of Expert Opinion
6. Preparing for the Testimony of an Examiner
7. In the Court
8. Illustrations
9. Opposing Witnesses
10. Cross Examination
11. How to Chose and Hire an Examiner
12. Ethics

II. Handwriting

1. Factors Influencing Handwriting
2. Conducting a Handwriting Examination
3. Special Problems
4. Forgery
5. Effects of the Writing Instrument
6. Intersecting Line
7. Is Handwriting Examination Always Correct?
8. Conclusions
9. The Court
10. Graphology

III. Typewriters

1. Introduction
2. History
3. Mechanical Principles of Operation
4. Single Element Typewriters
5. Make & Model, Type Fonts
6. Using Typewriter Grids
7. Maintaining Specimen Files
8. Typewriter Individuality
9. Toy Typewriters


IV. Printers

1. Introduction
2. Printers in General
3. Laser Printers
4. Ink Jet Printers
6. Conducting an Examination
8. Conclusion

V. Other Office Machines

1. Facsimile (FAX)
2. Perforator
3. Check Writer
4. Paper Cutter

VI. Cachets & Seals

1. Cachets
2. Seals

VII. Printing

1. Introduction
2. History
3. Methods
4. Printing Inks
5. Examination Points

VIII. Document Copying

1. Photocopiers
2. Examination of Photocopied Documents
3. Other Duplicators
4. Note

IX. Photography

1. General
2. Examinations
3. Demonstration
4. Advice to the Lawyer

X. Pens and Pencils, Inks and Dyes

1. Fountain Pens
3. Ball Point Pens
4. Ball Point Ink Differentiation
5. Fiber Pens
7. Conclusions
8. Pencils

XI. Paper

1. History
2. Manufacture

XII. Clips and Staples

1. Paper Clips
2. Staples

XIII. Fingerprints on Documents

1. Introduction
2. Ninhydrin

XIV. Examination Equipment

1. UV, IR and IRL
3. Magnifiers
4. Microscope
5. Projectina
6. Laser

XV. Materials to be Examined

1. Passports
2. Identity Cards
3. Signatures on Art
4. Erasures & Obliterations, Cut-and-Paste
5. Currency
6. Credit Cards
7. Proof of Age
8. Checks
9. Travelers Checks
10. Anonymous Letters


Questioned Document Organizations
Book details
ISBN: 9780124454903
Page Count: 250
Retail Price : £61.99
Lawyers, students in law school and forensic document examiners working in law enforcement.