Earth's Oldest Rocks,
Edition 2
Edited by Martin J. Van Kranendonk, Vickie Bennett and Elis Hoffmann

Publication Date: 27 Sep 2018

Earth’s Oldest Rocks, Second Edition, is the only single reference source for geological research of early Earth. This new edition is an up-to-date collection of scientific articles on all aspects of the early history of the Earth, from planetary accretion at 4.567 billion years ago (Ga), to the onset of modern-style plate tectonics at 3.2 Ga. Since the first edition was published, significant new advances have been made in our understanding of events and processes on early Earth that correspond with new advances in technology. The book includes contributions from over 100 authors, all of whom are experts in their respective fields.

The research in this reference concentrates on what is directly gleaned from the existing rock record to understand how our planet formed and evolved during the planetary accretion phase, formation of the first crust, the changing dynamics of the mantle and style of tectonics, life’s foothold and early development, and mineral deposits. It is an ideal resource for academics, students and the general public alike.

Key Features

  • Advances in early Earth research since 2007 based primarily on evidence gleaned directly from the rock record
  • More than 50% of the chapters in this edition are new and the rest of the chapters are revised from the first edition, with more than 700 pages of new material
  • Comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere from all over the world, and of crust-forming processes
  • New chapters on early solar system materials, composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and overviews of the oldest evidence of life on Earth, and modeling of early Earth tectonics
About the author
Edited by Martin J. Van Kranendonk, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales Sydney, Kensington, NSW 2052, Australia ; Vickie Bennett, Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia and Elis Hoffmann, Department of Earth’s Sciences, Geochemistry, Freie Universität Berlin, 12249 Berlin, Germany
Table of Contents

Preface: Aims, scope, and outline of the book
  Martin Julian Van Kranendonk, Vickie Bennett and J. Elis Hoffmann

Section 1: Getting started
1. Early solar system materials, processes, and chronology
  Yuri Amelin
2. Origin of the Earth and the Late Heavy Bombardment
  Marc Norman
3. Early Earth atmosphere and oceans
  James Kasting

Section 2: Overviews of Early Earth processes
4. Modelling early Earth tectonics: The case for stagnant lid behaviour in Early Earth
  Craig O'Neill
5. The earliest subcontinental lithospheric mantle
  Bill Griffin
6. Distribution and geochemistry of komatiites and basalts through the Archean
  Stephen J. Barnes and Nick Arndt
7. The formation of tonalites-trondjhemites-granodiorites and of the early continental crust
  J. Elis Hoffmann, Zhang, JF Moyen, and Nagel
8.  Early Archean asteroid impacts on Earth: Stratigraphic and isotopic age correlations and possible geodynamic consequences
  Alexandra Krull Davatzes and Steven Goderis
9. Palaeoarchean (3.6-3.2Ga) mineral systems in the context of continental crust building and the role of mantle plumes
  Franco Pirajno and David L. Huston
10. Origin of Paleoarchean sulfate deposits
  Pascal Philippot

Section 3: The most ancient remnants
11. Earth’s Oldest Rocks and Minerals
  Kent Condie
12. The oldest terrestrial mineral record: Thirty years of research on Hadean zircon from Jack Hills, Western Australia
  Aaron J. Cavosie
13. Evidence of Hadean to Paleoarchean crust in the Youanmi and Southwest terranes, and Eastern Goldfields Superterrane of the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia
  Stephen Wyche, Yongjun Lu and Michael T.D. Wingate
14. Hadean to Paleoarchean rocks and zircons in China
  Yusheng Wan, Liu D, Xie H, Alfred Kröner, Wilde Alexander Simon, Dong Chunyan, Shoujie Liu, Shiwen Xie and Mingzhu Ma
15. The Acasta Gneiss Complex
  Jesse R. Reimink
16. The Nuvvuagittuq greenstone belt: A glimpse of Earth’s earliest crust
  Jonathan O'Neil
17. The 3.9-3.6 Ga Itsaq Gneiss Complex of Greenland: Quasi-uniformitarian geodynamics towards the end of Earth’s first billion years
  Allen Nutman
18. The Narryer Terrane, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia: review and recent developments
  Tony Ivan Kemp

Section 4: Well-preserved granitoid-greenstone terrains
19. Paleoarchean development of a continental nucleus: the East Pilbara Terrane of the Pilbara Craton, Western Australia
  Martin Julian Van Kranendonk, R. Hugh Smithies and David C. Champion
20. The oldest well-preserved felsic volcanic rocks on Earth: Geochemical clues to the early evolution of the Pilbara Supergroup and implications for the growth of a Paleoarchean protocontinent
  R. Hugh Smithies and Martin Julian Van Kranendonk
21. Geochemistry of Paleoarchean granites of the East Pilbara Terrane, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia: implications for early Archean crustal growth
  David C. Champion
22. Palaeoarchaean mineral deposits of the Pilbara Craton: genesis, tectonic environment and comparisons with younger deposits
  David L. Huston and Franco Pirajno
23. Early Archean crustal evolution in southern Africa - an updated record of the Ancient Gneiss Complex of Swaziland
  J. Elis Hoffmann and Alfred Kröner
24. Geology of the Barberton Greenstone Belt — A unique record of crustal development, surface processes, and early life 3.55 to 3.2 Ga
  Gary R. Byerly, Donald R. Lowe and Christoph Heubeck
25. TTG plutons of the Barberton granitoid-greenstone terrain, southern Africa
  JF Moyen
26. Tectono-metamorphic controls on Archaean gold mineralisation in the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa: An example from the New Consort gold mine
  Annika Dziggel

Section 5: Filling the gaps
27. Paleoarchean gneisses in the Minnesota River Valley and northern Michigan, USA
  Marion Bickford
28. The Assean Lake Complex: Ancient crust at the northwestern margin of the Superior Craton, Manitoba, Canada
  Christian O. Böhm
29. Oldest rocks of the Wyoming Craton
  Kevin R. Chamberlain and Paul A. Mueller
30. Early crustal evolution as recorded in the granitoids of the Singhbhum and western Dharwar cratons, India
  Sukanta Dey
31. Palaeoarchaean crustal evolution of the Bundelkhand Craton, north-central India
  Lopamundra Saha
32. Paleoarchean rocks in the Fennoscandian Shield
  Pentti Sakari Hölttä
33. Archean crustal evolution in the Ukrainian shield
  Stefan Claesson, Gennadiy Vladimirovich Artemenko, ???????? V. Bogdanova and Leonid Shumlyanskyy
34. The Palaeoarchaean record of the Zimbabwe Craton
  Axel Hofmann
35.  Ancient Antarctica: The Archean of the East Antarctic Shield
  Simon Harley

Section 6: Life
36. Implications of carbonate and chert isotope records for the early Earth
  Graham A. Shields
37. Archean cherts: formation processes and paleo-environments
  Morgane Marine Ledevin
38. The significance of carbonaceous matter to understanding life processes on early Earth
  Mark Adriaan Van Zuilen
39. Eoarchean Life from the Isua supracrustal belt (Greenland)
  Allen Nutman
40. Depositional setting of the fossiliferous, c. 3480 Ma Dresser Formation, Pilbara Craton: A review
  Martin Julian Van Kranendonk
41. Early Archean (pre-3.0 Ga) cellularly-preserved microfossils and microfossil-like structures from the Pilbara Craton, Western Australia — A review
  Kenichiro Sugitani
42. Traces of early Life from the Barberton Greenstone Belt, South Africa
  Keyron Hickman-Lewis, Frances Westall and Barbara Cavalazzi

Book details
ISBN: 9780444639011
Page Count: 1112
Retail Price : £175.00
  • Stoops, Marcelino and Flores, Interpretation of Micromorphological Features of Soils and Regoliths, Jul 2017, 9780444635228, $220.00
  • Chetty, Proterozoic Orogens of India: A Critical Window to Gondwana, Sep 2017, 9780128044414, $80.95
  • Van Krandendonk, Philippot and Mazumder, The Transition to Modern Earth: The Archean-Protozoic Boundary and the Evolution of Life and the Atmosphere, Jan 2018, 9780128020333, $200.00

Researchers and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in geology, Precambrian geology, tectonics, geochemistry and petrology, geochronology, and economic geology